Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Black Phoebe (Sayornis nigricans) - HBW 9, p. 373

French: Moucherolle noir German: Schwarzkopf-Phoebetyrann Spanish: Mosquero Negro
Other common names: White-winged Phoebe (angustirostris and latirostis)

Taxonomy: Tyrannula nigricans Swainson, 1827, Mexico.
Races latirostis and angustirostris (sometimes synonymized with former) considered a separate species by some authors. Variation clinal: extent of white in wings and on belly generally decreasing N to S; white in wings abruptly increasing S of Isthmus of Panama, thence extent of white, and size, increasing towards S. Six subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • semiatra (Vigors, 1839) - W USA (S from coastal Oregon, SE to W & C Texas) and W Mexico (Baja California, and S in interior to Isthmus of Tehuantepec).
  • nigricans (Swainson, 1827) - NE, C & S Mexico.
  • aquatica P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1859 - Mexico (S of Isthmus of Tehuantepec) S to C Honduras and NW Nicaragua.

     See all 6 subspecies
  • semiatra (Vigors, 1839) - W USA (S from coastal Oregon, SE to W & C Texas) and W Mexico (Baja California, and S in interior to Isthmus of Tehuantepec).
  • nigricans (Swainson, 1827) - NE, C & S Mexico.
  • aquatica P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1859 - Mexico (S of Isthmus of Tehuantepec) S to C Honduras and NW Nicaragua.
  • amnicola Bangs, 1902 - Costa Rica and W Panama.
  • angustirostris Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1896 - C & E Panama and N Venezuela S through Andes to C Bolivia.
  • latirostris (Cabanis & Heine, 1859) - mountains and foothills of C & S Bolivia and NW Argentina.