Orioles (Oriolidae)

Black-naped Oriole (Oriolus chinensis) - HBW 13, p. 724

French: Loriot de Chine German: Schwarznackenpirol Spanish: Oropéndola China
Other common names: Eastern Black-naped Oriole (diffusus); Andaman Black-naped Oriole (andamanensis); Nicobar Black-naped Oriole (macrourus)

Taxonomy: Oriolus chinensis Linnaeus, 1766, “China”; error = Manila, Philippines.
Closely related to and sometimes treated as conspecific with O. tenuirostris, the two forming a superspecies; alternatively, both sometimes considered to belong to the superspecies formed by O. oriolus, O. kundoo and O. auratus. Geographical variation marked, and races almost certainly comprise several species; further study required. Race diffusus previously known by name indicus (based on birds from non-breeding range in SW India), but latter name invalid, as preoccupied. Other proposed races are saani (from Mayu I, in Moluccas), now.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Oriolus chinensis Linnaeus, 1766, “China”; error = Manila, Philippines.
Closely related to and sometimes treated as conspecific with O. tenuirostris, the two forming a superspecies; alternatively, both sometimes considered to belong to the superspecies formed by O. oriolus, O. kundoo and O. auratus. Geographical variation marked, and races almost certainly comprise several species; further study required. Race diffusus previously known by name indicus (based on birds from non-breeding range in SW India), but latter name invalid, as preoccupied. Other proposed races are saani (from Mayu I, in Moluccas), now synonymized with formosus, macassariensis (Makassar and Indrulaman, in SW Sulawesi), included in celebensis, and oscillans (Tukangbesi Is, SE of Sulawesi), merged with boneratensis; and, in Philippines, palawanensis (Puerto Princesa, on Palawan), fugaensis (Fuga I, off N Luzon) and sorsogonensis (Sorsogon, in S Luzon), all now subsumed in nominate. Twenty subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • diffusus Sharpe, 1877 - breeds SE Russia (Amurland), Korea and S throughout E half of China (E from W Sichuan and Yunnan) to Hainan, also SW Myanmar, N Laos and Taiwan; non-breeding mainly India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand and S Indochina.
  • andamanensis Beavan, 1867 - Andaman Is.
  • macrourus Blyth, 1846 - Nicobar Is.

     See all 20 subspecies
  • diffusus Sharpe, 1877 - breeds SE Russia (Amurland), Korea and S throughout E half of China (E from W Sichuan and Yunnan) to Hainan, also SW Myanmar, N Laos and Taiwan; non-breeding mainly India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand and S Indochina.
  • andamanensis Beavan, 1867 - Andaman Is.
  • macrourus Blyth, 1846 - Nicobar Is.
  • maculatus Vieillot, 1817 - extreme S Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, mainland Sumatra, Bangka, Belitung, Java and Bali.
  • mundus Richmond, 1903 - Simeulue and Nias, off W Sumatra.
  • richmondi Oberholser, 1912 - Siberut and Pagai Is, off W Sumatra.
  • sipora Chasen & Kloss, 1926 - Sipura, off W Sumatra.
  • lamprochryseus Oberholser, 1917 - Karamian and Masalembu Is, in E Java Sea.
  • insularis Vorderman, 1893 - Sapudi, Raas and Kangean Is, in Bali Sea.
  • chinensis Linnaeus, 1766 - N & W Philippines (Luzon, Mindoro, Palawan and surrounding smaller islands).
  • yamamurae Nagamichi Kuroda, 1927 - C & S Philippines (Tablas, Romblon, Sibuyan, Masbate, Panay, Samar, Negros, Cebu, Bohol, Leyte, Basilan, Mindanao and surrounding smaller islands).
  • suluensis Sharpe, 1877 - Sulu Archipelago (S from West Bolod and East Bolod), in SW Philippines.
  • melanisticus A. B. Meyer & Wiglesworth, 1894 - Talaud Is (Karakelong, Salibabu, Kaburuang), S of Philippines.
  • sangirensis A. B. Meyer & Wiglesworth, 1898 - N Sangir Archipelago (Sangir I, Tabukan I), N of Sulawesi.
  • formosus Cabanis, 1872 - S Sangir Archipelago (islands of Siau, Tahulandang, Ruang, Biaro) and Mayu I (E of NE Sulawesi).
  • celebensis (Walden, 1872) - Sulawesi and surrounding islands (Talisei, Bangka, Lembeh, Kabaena, Muna, Butung, Tanakeke), including Togian Is.
  • stresemanni Neumann, 1939 - Peleng (in Banggai Archipelago).
  • frontalis Wallace, 1863 - Taliabu (in Sula Archipelago).
  • boneratensis A. B. Meyer & Wiglesworth, 1896 - islands in Flores Sea (Kayuadi, Tanahjampea, Kalao, Bonerate, Kalaotoa, Madu), and Tukangbesi Is (in W Banda Sea).
  • broderipi Bonaparte, 1850 - Lesser Sundas (Lombok, Sumbawa, Komodo, Rinca, Sumba, Flores, Paloe, Besar, Lomblen, Pantar, Alor).