Monarch-flycatchers (Monarchidae)

Black-naped Monarch (Hypothymis azurea) - HBW 11, p. 280

French: Tchitrec azuré German: Schwarzgenickschnäpper Spanish: Monarca Nuquinegro
Other common names: Pacific/Small Monarch (“puella group”)

Taxonomy: Muscicapa azurea Boddaert, 1783, Manila, Luzon, Philippines.
SE races puella, aeria, blasii and catarmanensis form well-marked “puella group”, sometimes treated as a distinct species. Twenty-five subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • styani (Hartlaub, 1898) - much of India (except N & NW) and Nepal E to SE China and Vietnam.
  • oberholseri Stresemann, 1913 - Taiwan.
  • ceylonensis Sharpe, 1879 - Sri Lanka.

     See all 25 subspecies
  • styani (Hartlaub, 1898) - much of India (except N & NW) and Nepal E to SE China and Vietnam.
  • oberholseri Stresemann, 1913 - Taiwan.
  • ceylonensis Sharpe, 1879 - Sri Lanka.
  • tytleri (Beavan, 1867) - Andaman Is.
  • idiochroa Oberholser, 1911 - Car Nicobar I.
  • nicobarica Bianchi, 1907 - S Nicobar Is.
  • montana Riley, 1929 - N & C Thailand.
  • galerita (Deignan, 1956) - SW & SE Thailand.
  • forrestia Oberholser, 1911 - Mergui Archipelago, off W Myanmar.
  • prophata Oberholser, 1911 - S Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra and Borneo.
  • consobrina Richmond, 1902 - Simeulue I, off NW Sumatra.
  • abbotti Richmond, 1902 - Reusam and Babi (SE of Simeulue).
  • leucophila Oberholser, 1911 - Siberut I (off W Sumatra).
  • richmondi Oberholser, 1911 - Enggano I (off SW Sumatra).
  • opisthocyanea Oberholser, 1911 - Anamba Is (S China Sea).
  • gigantoptera Oberholser, 1911 - Bunguran, in Natuna Is (S China Sea).
  • karimatensis Chasen & Kloss, 1932 - Karimata I (off W Borneo).
  • javana Chasen & Kloss, 1929 - Java and Bali.
  • penidae Meise, 1941 - Penida I (near Bali).
  • symmixta Stresemann, 1913 - W & C Lesser Sundas.
  • azurea (Boddaert, 1783) - Philippines (except Camiguin Sur).
  • catarmanensis Rand & Rabor, 1969 - Camiguin Sur (off Mindanao), in S Philippines.
  • aeria Bangs & J. L. Peters, 1927 - Maratua I (off E Borneo).
  • puella (Wallace, 1863) - Sulawesi and nearby islands.
  • blasii E. J. O. Hartert, 1898 - Banggai Is and Sula Is.