Ibises and Spoonbills (Threskiornithidae)

Black-headed Ibis (Threskiornis melanocephalus) - HBW 1, p. 493

French: Ibis à tête noire German: Schwarzhalsibis Spanish: Ibis Oriental
Other common names: White/Oriental Ibis, Oriental/Indian/Asian White Ibis, Oriental/Indian Black-necked Ibis

Taxonomy: Tantalus melanocephalus Latham, 1790, India.
Forms superspecies with T. aethiopicus and T. molucca; sometimes considered race of T. aethiopicus. Monotypic.

Distribution: Breeds from Pakistan and Nepal through India to Sri Lanka; NE China; Viet Nam; Java and possibly Sumatra. Winters in S China, Burma, Thailand, Sumatra and Philippines. Formerly more widespread in E Asia.