Bush-shrikes (Malaconotidae)

Black-crowned Tchagra (Tchagra senegalus) - HBW 14, p. 92

French: Tchagra à tête noire German: Senegaltschagra Spanish: Chagra del Senegal
Other common names: Black-headed Bush-shrike/Tchagra, Black-capped Bush-shrike, Hooded Tchagra; Moroccan Tchagra (cucullatus)

Taxonomy: Lanius senegalus Linnaeus, 1766, Senegal.
Closely allied with the "T. australis superspecies", yet completely sympatric with it. Race remigialis intergrades with nothus around L Chad. Some geographical variation trivial and clinal; race warsangliensis sometimes subsumed in habessinicus. At least 17 races have been described; pallidus synonymized with nominate and timbuktanus with nothus, also camerunensis, sudanensis and rufofuscus subsumed in armenus, and mozambicus and confusus in orientalis. Ten subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • cucullatus ( Temminck, 1840) - Morocco E to N Tunisia and NW Libya.
  • senegalus ( Linnaeus, 1766) - S Mauritania S to Liberia, E to S Mali (S from Mopti), Nigeria (except far N), S Chad and Central African Republic.
  • nothus ( Reichenow, 1920) - borders of Sahara from C Mali E to L Chad.

     See all 10 subspecies
  • cucullatus ( Temminck, 1840) - Morocco E to N Tunisia and NW Libya.
  • senegalus ( Linnaeus, 1766) - S Mauritania S to Liberia, E to S Mali (S from Mopti), Nigeria (except far N), S Chad and Central African Republic.
  • nothus ( Reichenow, 1920) - borders of Sahara from C Mali E to L Chad.
  • remigialis ( Hartlaub & Finsch, 1870) - L Chad E to W & C Sudan (Darfur, Kordofan and C Nile Valley).
  • armenus ( Oberholser, 1906) - S Cameroon E to N DRCongo, SW Sudan (Bahr el Ghazal) and Uganda, S in W to Angola (S to W & C Huíla and Cuando Cubango) and, in E, to Kenya (except coast), Tanzania (except E lowlands), N Zimbabwe, Malawi and NW Mozambique.
  • habessinicus ( Ehrenberg, 1833) - S Sudan (E from Imatong Mts), Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti and NW Somalia.
  • percivali ( Ogilvie-Grant, 1900) - SW Saudi Arabia, W & E Yemen and S Oman.
  • warsangliensis S. R. Clarke, 1919 - Warsangli area of N Somalia.
  • kalahari ( Roberts, 1932) - S Angola (E Huíla E to SE Cuando Cubango), N Namibia, SW Zambia, Botswana, NW Zimbabwe, and N South Africa (North West Province and W Limpopo).
  • orientalis ( Cabanis, 1869) - S Somalia, coastal Kenya, E Tanzanian lowlands, Mozambique (except Tete region), Zimbabwe (except N & NW), NE & E South Africa and Swaziland.