Cranes (Gruidae)

Black Crowned Crane (Balearica pavonina) - HBW 3, p. 83

French: Grue couronnée German: Kronenkranich Spanish: Grulla Coronada Cuellinegra
Other common names: Dark Crowned Crane; West African Crowned Crane (pavonina); Sudan Crowned Crane (ceciliae)

Taxonomy: Ardea pavonina Linnaeus, 1758, Cape Verde, Senegal.
Formerly considered conspecific with B. regulorum, with species labelled as B. pavonina or sometimes, incorrectly, as B. regulorum; but differences revealed by electrophoresis, together with those in vocalizations, bare parts and plumage, advocate recognition of two species constituting a superspecies. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • pavonina (Linnaeus, 1758) - scattered populations in sub-Saharan W Africa from Senegambia to L Chad.
  • ceciliae Mitchell, 1904 - sub-Saharan Africa from Chad to Sudan, Ethiopia and Kenya, especially in basin of upper R Nile.

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