Orioles (Oriolidae)

Black-and-crimson Oriole (Oriolus cruentus) - HBW 13, p. 730

French: Loriot ensanglanté German: Rotbrustpirol Spanish: Oropéndola Ensangrentada
Other common names: Crimson-breasted Oriole

Taxonomy: Leptopteryx cruenta Wagler, 1827, Java.
Closely related to O. hosii, O. traillii and O. mellianus; all, togther with O. xanthornus, form the “Asian black-headed group”. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • malayanus Robinson & Kloss, 1923 - Peninsular Malaysia.
  • consanguineus (R. G. W. Ramsay, 1881) - mainland Sumatra.
  • cruentus (Wagler, 1827) - Java.
  • vulneratus Sharpe, 1887 - N & C Borneo.