New World Blackbirds (Icteridae)

Black-cowled Oriole (Icterus prosthemelas) - HBW 16, p. 770

French: Oriole monacal German: Gelbschultertrupial Spanish: Turpial Cabecinegro

Taxonomy: Xanthornus prosthemelas Strickland, 1850, Guatemala.
Closely related to I. spurius. Formerly regarded as conspecific with Greater Antillean group of species (I. northropi, I. melanopsis, I. dominicensis and I. portoricensis), but this treatment not supported by DNA data. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • prosthemelas (Strickland, 1850) - SE Mexico (from Veracruz E to Yucatán and Quintana Roo) and Caribbean lowlands from Belize, N Guatemala and N Honduras S to C Costa Rica.
  • praecox A. R. Phillips & Dickerman, 1965 - SE Costa Rica (Limón) and W Panama (Bocas del Toro to Coclé).