Black-billed Woodhoopoe (Phoeniculus somaliensis) - HBW 6, p. 430
French: Irrisor à bec noir
Spanish: Abubilla-arbórea Piquinegra
Taxonomy: Irrisor somaliensis Ogilvie-Grant, 1901, Fer Libah, Ogaden, Ethiopia.
Generally considered to form a superspecies with P. purpureus and P. damarensis. All three sometimes treated as conspecific, which may be a more realistic treatment; more study needed. Race abyssinicus has been thought to be a hybrid of race neglectus and P. purpureus niloticus, but the two species are said to occur sympatrically without apparently interbreeding in parts of S Ethiopia and N Kenya. Three subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- abyssinicus (Neumann, 1903) - N Ethiopia and Eritrea.
- neglectus (Neumann, 1905) - C Ethiopia.
- somaliensis (Ogilvie-Grant, 1901) - SE Ethiopia, W Somalia and NE Kenya.
- Least Concern Enlarge map
A bird foraging along a tree trunk Locality Samburu-Buffalo Springs National Reserves, Kenya (ssp somaliensis)
Rigdon Currie 31 December 2002 7 years ago 19 sec 4.5
A bird foraging in a tree, finally catching and eating a prey. Locality Afar Plains, Afar Region, Ethiopia (ssp neglectus)
Josep del Hoyo 27 November 2005 9 years ago 40 sec 4.4
A bird feeding in a tree then flying away. Locality Kersa Dek, Genale Valley, Ethiopia
Keith Blomerley 7 November 2013 2 years ago 20 sec 3.8
Two birds in an acacia tree, one flies away. Locality Genale Valley, Ethiopia (ssp neglectus)
Josep del Hoyo 9 December 2005 9 years ago 39 sec 3
PhotosSee all 7 photos
A perched bird
Locality Sof Omar, Oromia Region, Ethiopia
Paul van Giersbergen 1 November 2014 5 weeks ago 4.7
A bird on a branch bringing a prey item back to a nest hole
Locality Sof Omar, Oromia Region, Ethiopia (ssp neglectus)
Ian Fulton 14 February 2008 6 years ago 4
Immature bird in the garden at Debre Birhan Selassie
Locality Gondar, Amhara Region, Ethiopia (ssp abyssinicus)
MichaelP 12 October 2014 1 year ago 3.5
clinging to post
Locality Lake Ziway, Oromia Region, Ethiopia
Hector Ceballos-Lascurain 13 July 2009 3 years ago 3.3
Adult feeding in tree.
Locality Adi Keyh, Southern Region, Eritrea (ssp abyssinicus)
Jason Anderson 9 November 2008 5 years ago 3.1
Juvenile in tree, part of a feeding party.
Locality Hawatsu, Southern Region, Eritrea
Jason Anderson 9 November 2008 5 years ago 2.8
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