Larks (Alaudidae)

Bengal Bushlark (Mirafra assamica) - HBW 9, p. 544

French: Alouette d’Assam German: Bengalenlerche Spanish: Alondra de Assam
Other common names: Bush Lark, Rufous-winged Lark/Bushlark, Collared Lark(!)

Taxonomy: Mirafra Assamica Horsfield, 1840, Assam, India.
Relationship with African congeners unknown. Formerly treated as a polytypic species, including M. affinis, M. erythrocephala and M. microptera as races, but differs from all those in vocalizations, song flight, other aspects of behaviour and habitat choice. Mitochondrial DNA data suggest that the “M. assamica complex” is non-monophyletic, since M. erythroptera is nested within this group, and also that the various taxa diverged a considerably longer time ago than is indicated by the rather small morphological differences (pairwise genetic divergences in.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Mirafra Assamica Horsfield, 1840, Assam, India.
Relationship with African congeners unknown. Formerly treated as a polytypic species, including M. affinis, M. erythrocephala and M. microptera as races, but differs from all those in vocalizations, song flight, other aspects of behaviour and habitat choice. Mitochondrial DNA data suggest that the “M. assamica complex” is non-monophyletic, since M. erythroptera is nested within this group, and also that the various taxa diverged a considerably longer time ago than is indicated by the rather small morphological differences (pairwise genetic divergences in the cytochrome b gene 11·7-15·1%). More distantly related to M. javanica and M. cantillans. Monotypic.

Distribution: N India and S Nepal E to Bhutan, Bangladesh and extreme W Myanmar.

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