Parrotbills (Paradoxornithidae)

Bearded Parrotbill (Panurus biarmicus) - HBW 12, p. 308

French: Panure à moustaches German: Bartmeise Spanish: Bigotudo
Other common names: Bearded Tit/Tit-babbler, (Bearded) Reedling, Whiskered Tit

Taxonomy: [Parus] biarmicus Linnaeus, 1758, Europe = Holstein, north Germany.
Range of plumage variation considered by some authors to be perhaps at least partly clinal, such that the species may be better treated as monotypic. Unclear whether populations of E Baltic (between Finland and Poland) belong to nominate race or russicus, which presumably intergrade in Poland and Slovakia and perhaps elsewhere in E Europe. Birds in E Turkey, Georgia and Armenia presumably like those from Azerbaijan, presently included in nominate; racial identity of those breeding in Syria uncertain, tentatively included in kosswigi. Three subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • biarmicus (Linnaeus, 1758) - breeds locally from England, France and S & E Spain E to S Norway, Denmark, S Sweden, S Finland, SW Russia, Balkans, W & S Turkey and Azerbaijan; non-breeding also S to Cyprus.
  • russicus (C. L. Brehm, 1831) - breeds S Lithuania, Poland and Belarus S to E Austria, NE Croatia, NE Bosnia-Herzegovina, N Serbia & Montenegro, N & E Bulgaria and C Turkey, E to S Russia (S from L Chany, SW Siberia and Tarbagatay, and S of L Baikal), Kazakhstan, Mongolia and N & NE China (Xinjiang, N Qinghai, W & NE Nei Mongol, Ningxia, NE Heilongjiang); non-breeding also Israel, N Iran (mainly Caspian coast), E China (N Hebei and SC Liaoning) and NE Afghanistan (may breed).
  • kosswigi Kumerloeve, 1958 - S Turkey (area around Amik Gölü, at least) and NW Syria.