Falcons and Caracaras (Falconidae)

Bat Falcon (Falco rufigularis) - HBW 2, p. 267

French: Faucon des chauves souris German: Fledermausfalke Spanish: Halcón Murcielaguero

Taxonomy: Falco rufigularis Daudin, 1800, Cayenne.
May belong in F. subbuteo complex. Similarity to F. deiroleucus probably reflects a recent common ancestor rather than convergence. In past, alternatively labelled F. albigularis. Validity of race ophryophanes sometimes challenged. Northernmost populations sometimes awarded separate race, petrophilus. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • petoensis Chubb, 1918 - N Mexico (from Sonora E to Tamaulipas) S through Central America to Colombia, and W of Andes S to Ecuador.
  • rufigularis Daudin, 1800 - E Colombia E to the Guianas and Trinidad, and S to S Brazil and N Argentina.
  • ophryophanes (Salvadori, 1895) - tableland of C Brazil (Piauí S to Mato Grosso, São Paulo and Paraná) and adjacent Bolivia, Paraguay and N Argentina.