Typical Owls (Strigidae)

Barking Owl (Ninox connivens) - HBW 5, p. 231

French: Ninoxe aboyeuse German: Kläfferkauz Spanish: Nínox Ladrador
Other common names: Barking Hawk-owl, (Northern/Western) Winking Owl

Taxonomy: Falco connivens Latham, 1801, Sydney region, New South Wales.
Affinities uncertain. Some authors consider species monotypic, but up to seven races accepted by others; review needed. Proposed race occidentalis (NW & NC Australia) has been synonymized with peninsularis; addenda (SW Australia) synonymous with nominate. Some authors have placed birds of NC Queensland in race enigma, but type specimen, apparently lost, reported to be either juvenile of present species or aberrant, large individual of N. boobook. Four subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • rufostrigata (G. R. Gray, 1860) - N Moluccas (Morotai, Halmahera, Bacan, Obi).
  • assimilis Salvadori & D’Albertis, 1875 - C & E New Guinea W to Merauke and R Sepik, including Manam I and Karkar I.
  • peninsularis Salvadori, 1876 - coastal and subcoastal NW, N & NE Australia S to R Endeavour in Queensland, and islands in SW Torres Strait.
  • connivens (Latham, 1801) - coastal and subcoastal SW Australia, southern gulfs, and E & SE Australia (S from foot of Cape York Peninsula).