Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Bananaquit (Coereba flaveola) - HBW 16, p. 328

French: Sucrier à ventre jaune German: Zuckervogel Spanish: Platanero
Other common names: Common Bananaquit; Bahama Bananaquit/Honeycreeper (“bahamensis group”)

Taxonomy: Certhia flaveola Linnaeus, 1758, Jamaica.
Taxonomic placement long disputed. Has often been placed in its own family, Coerebidae, and sometimes with New World warblers (Parulidae) or with buntings and New World sparrows (Emberizidae), sometimes as a subfamily. Recent molecular-genetic data do not support historically recognized family Coerebidae, but do show strong support for a monophyletic grouping that includes present genus, Tiaris, the Galapagos finches, and several Caribbean genera (especially Euneornis), all usually placed in Emberizidae but now thought to belong clearly within the thraupine lineage; genetic varia.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Certhia flaveola Linnaeus, 1758, Jamaica.
Taxonomic placement long disputed. Has often been placed in its own family, Coerebidae, and sometimes with New World warblers (Parulidae) or with buntings and New World sparrows (Emberizidae), sometimes as a subfamily. Recent molecular-genetic data do not support historically recognized family Coerebidae, but do show strong support for a monophyletic grouping that includes present genus, Tiaris, the Galapagos finches, and several Caribbean genera (especially Euneornis), all usually placed in Emberizidae but now thought to belong clearly within the thraupine lineage; genetic variation between species in this clade comparable to that within most avian genera, despite marked differences in bill morphology and feeding behaviour. Within present species, molecular-phylogenetic studies reveal three clades, “bahamensis group” (Quintana Roo region of SE Mexico, and Bahamas), “flaveola group” (Cayman Is, Jamaica and Hispaniola), and “bartholemica group” (Puerto Rico, Lesser Antilles, Mexico except Quintana Roo, and Central and South America), and these may be better treated as three separate species; several taxa not yet sampled, but should fall within with one of above groups on basis of distribution; placement of SW Caribbean island races oblita (San Andrés) and tricolor (Providencia) remains uncertain. Recent molecular-genetic studies point to an origin in Greater Antilles, this followed by multiple expansion phases resulting in island to mainland colonization as the species extended its range. Remarkable geographical variation, especially in Caribbean islands. Number of races likely subject to revision, some races (or groups of races) perhaps worthy of species status and others poorly separated genetically; for example, roraimae could be subsumed in guianensis and alleni in chloropyga. Forty-one subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • caboti (S. F. Baird, 1873) - SE Mexico (Quintana Roo) and islands off NE Yucatán Peninsula (Holbox, Cancún, Cozumel, and Cayo Culebra).
  • bahamensis (Reichenbach, 1853) - Bahamas (from Grand Bahama and Little Abaco SE to Great Inagua and Grand Turk).
  • sharpei (Cory, 1886) - Grand Cayman I, Little Cayman I, and Cayman Brac.

     See all 41 subspecies
  • caboti (S. F. Baird, 1873) - SE Mexico (Quintana Roo) and islands off NE Yucatán Peninsula (Holbox, Cancún, Cozumel, and Cayo Culebra).
  • bahamensis (Reichenbach, 1853) - Bahamas (from Grand Bahama and Little Abaco SE to Great Inagua and Grand Turk).
  • sharpei (Cory, 1886) - Grand Cayman I, Little Cayman I, and Cayman Brac.
  • flaveola (Linnaeus, 1758) - Jamaica.
  • bananivora (J. F. Gmelin, 1789) - Hispaniola, Gonâve I, Petite Cayemite I and I à Vache.
  • nectarea Wetmore, 1929 - Tortue I, off Haiti.
  • tricolor (Ridgway, 1884) - Providencia I, off E Nicaragua.
  • oblita Griscom, 1923 - San Andrés I, off E Nicaragua.
  • mexicana (P. L. Sclater, 1857) - SE Mexico (from C Veracruz and Oaxaca) S on Caribbean slope (and Pacific slope in Costa Rica) to W Panama (Veraguas, including Coiba I).
  • cerinoclunis Bangs, 1901 - Pearl Is, in Bay of Panama.
  • columbiana (Cabanis, 1865) - Panama (from Canal Zone) E through C & SW Colombia (Andes from Antioquia to Huila) to S Venezuela (extreme NW Amazonas).
  • portoricensis (H. Bryant, 1866) - Puerto Rico.
  • sanctithomae (Sundevall, 1870) - Vieques I and Culebra I (off E Puerto Rico) and Virgin Is.
  • newtoni (S. F. Baird, 1873) - St Croix (S Virgin Is).
  • bartholemica (Sparrman, 1788) - N & C Lesser Antilles (Anguilla, St Martin, Saba, St Bartholomew S to Guadeloupe, Marie Galante and Dominica).
  • martinicana (Reichenbach, 1853) - Martinique and St Lucia (SC Lesser Antilles).
  • barbadensis (S. F. Baird, 1873) - Barbados.
  • atrata (Lawrence, 1878) - St Vincent, in S Lesser Antilles.
  • aterrima (Lesson, 1830) - Grenada I and the Grenadines.
  • uropygialis Berlepsch, 1892 - Aruba and Curaçao, in Netherlands Antilles.
  • bonairensis Voous, 1955 - Bonaire I, in Netherlands Antilles.
  • melanornis Phelps, Sr & Phelps, Jr, 1954 - Cayo Sal, off N Venezuela.
  • lowii Cory, 1909 - Los Roques Is, off N Venezuela.
  • ferryi Cory, 1909 - La Tortuga I, off N Venezuela.
  • frailensis Phelps, Sr & Phelps, Jr, 1946 - Los Frailes (Puerto Real) and Los Hermanos, off N Venezuela.
  • laurae P. R. Lowe, 1908 - Los Testigos Is, off N Venezuela.
  • luteola (Cabanis, 1851) - Colombia (Caribbean coast of Bolívar and Magdalena) and N Vene­zuela (Zulia E to Monagas, S to Apure and N Bolívar); Trinidad and Tobago.
  • bolivari J. T. Zimmer & Phelps, Sr, 1946 - E Venezuela (lower Orinoco Valley of Delta Amacuro, and N & E Bolívar from R Cuchivero S to lower R Paragua).
  • guianensis (Cabanis, 1851) - C Venezuela (lower Caura Valley) S & E across Guyana.
  • roraimae Chapman, 1929 - S Venezuela (N & E Amazonas, S Bolívar) and region of Cerros Roraima and Uei-tepui in Guyana and SE Venezuela.
  • minima (Bonaparte, 1854) - E Colombia (R Guainía) and S Venezuela (S half of Amazonas) E to French Guiana and NC Brazil (to Pará, N of R Amazon).
  • obscura Cory, 1913 - W Venezuela (E side of L Maracaibo, SE Zulia and below 1200 m in Andean foothills of Mérida and Táchira) and adjacent Colombia (Norte de Santander).
  • montana P. R. Lowe, 1912 - Venezuelan Andes (above 1200 m in Mérida and Táchira).
  • caucae Chapman, 1914 - Colombia in upper Cauca Valley and on slopes of C & W Andes (from Caldas S to Cauca).
  • intermedia (Salvadori & Festa, 1899) - SW Colombia (Nariño), W Ecuador and N Peru (from San Martín, and Loreto) E to W Brazil and S Venezuela (SW Amazonas).
  • gorgonae Thayer & Bangs, 1905 - Gorgona I, off W Colombia.
  • magnirostris (Taczanowski, 1880) - Peru in upper Marañón Valley (in Piura, Cajamarca and E Libertad).
  • pacifica P. R. Lowe, 1912 - W Peru (NW Lambayeque, W Libertad and Ancash).
  • dispar J. T. Zimmer, 1942 - C & SE Peru (from S San Martín) S to Bolivia (La Paz).
  • chloropyga (Cabanis, 1851) - C Peru (from Huánuco and Junín) S to C Bolivia (to Santa Cruz), then E across SC & E Brazil (to Ceará and Pernambuco, then S to Rio Grande do Sul) and S to E Paraguay, NE Argentina (Misiones) and extreme N Uruguay.
  • alleni P. R. Lowe, 1912 - E Bolivia (Santa Cruz) E to C Brazil (Mato Grosso).