New World Blackbirds (Icteridae)

Baltimore Oriole (Icterus galbula) - HBW 16, p. 759

French: Oriole de Baltimore German: Baltimoretrupial Spanish: Turpial de Baltimore
Other common names: Northern Oriole (when treated as conspecific with I. bullockii)

Taxonomy: C.[oracias] Galbula Linnaeus, 1758, America = Virginia, USA.
DNA data indicate that this is sister-species of I. abeillei. Formerly treated as conspecific with latter and with I. bullockii; hybridizes extensively with I. bullockii in a belt from S Canada (Alberta and Saskatchewan) S in Great Plains to S USA (Oklahoma and Texas), but assortative mating (or selection against hybrids) evident at several locations. Monotypic.

Distribution: Breeds in S Canada from NE British Columbia and Alberta E to S Ontario, S Quebec and Nova Scotia, S in C & E USA to C Texas, C Mississippi, NW Georgia, W Virginia and N Delaware; winters mostly in Florida, coastal California, Cuba and Jamaica, and Mexico S to N Colombia and Venezuela.