Rails, Gallinules and Coots (Rallidae)

Baillon's Crake (Porzana pusilla) - HBW 3, p. 184

French: Marouette de Baillon German: Zwergsumpfhuhn Spanish: Polluela Chica
Other common names: Marsh/Tiny Crake

Taxonomy: Rallus pusillus Pallas, 1776, Dauria.
Forms superspecies with recently extinct P. palmeri of Laysan I (Hawaii). Race mayri possibly synonymous with palustris. Possible race obscura, of sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar, doubtfully valid. Six subspecies normally recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • intermedia (Hermann, 1804) - Europe E to Asia Minor, and S locally in Morocco, Tunisia and Ethiopia, then from E Zaire to C Kenya and S to Angola, Namibia and South Africa, and also Madagascar; European birds winter in Africa.
  • pusilla (Pallas, 1776) - R Dnestr E through C & E Asia to Amurland, N China, N Korea and Japan, S to Iran and N India and irregularly in Sumatra and Sulawesi; winters in India, Sri Lanka and Myanmar, and from S China to Indonesia and Philippines.
  • mira Riley, 1938 - Borneo.

     See all 6 subspecies
  • intermedia (Hermann, 1804) - Europe E to Asia Minor, and S locally in Morocco, Tunisia and Ethiopia, then from E Zaire to C Kenya and S to Angola, Namibia and South Africa, and also Madagascar; European birds winter in Africa.
  • pusilla (Pallas, 1776) - R Dnestr E through C & E Asia to Amurland, N China, N Korea and Japan, S to Iran and N India and irregularly in Sumatra and Sulawesi; winters in India, Sri Lanka and Myanmar, and from S China to Indonesia and Philippines.
  • mira Riley, 1938 - Borneo.
  • mayri Junge, 1952 - New Guinea.
  • palustris Gould, 1843 - E New Guinea, Australia and Tasmania.
  • affinis (J. E. Gray, 1846) - New Zealand and Chatham Is.