Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Azure-shouldered Tanager (Thraupis cyanoptera) - HBW 16, p. 192

French: Tangara à épaulettes bleues German: Violettschultertangare Spanish: Tangara Cianóptera

Taxonomy: Saltator cyanopterus Vieillot, 1817, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Recent molecular-genetic data do not support monophyly of genus as currently constituted: six (including present species) of eight species sampled embedded with Tangara, a finding that makes genus Tangara paraphyletic. Monotypic.

Distribution: Coastal SE Brazil from SE Bahia, Espírito Santo and E Minas Gerais S, mostly on coastal slopes of Serra do Mar, to N Rio Grande do Sul.