Pipits and Wagtails (Motacillidae)

Australasian Pipit (Anthus novaeseelandiae) - HBW 9, p. 745

French: Pipit austral German: Australspornpieper Spanish: Bisbita Neozelandés
Other common names: Common/New Zealand Pipit; Australian Pipit (Australian and New Guinea races)

Taxonomy: Alauda novae Seelandiae J. F. Gmelin, 1789, Queen Charlotte's Sound, South Island, New Zealand.
May form a superspecies with A. richardi, A. rufulus and A. cinnamomeus, and all were formerly treated as conspecific; recent DNA studies, however, do not support a close relationship between them. New Guinea and Australian races often considered to represent a separate species; also, recent evidence suggests that some populations on offshore islands may merit subspecific or even specific status. Described race subaustralis (from WC Western Australia) merged with australis; likewise, reischeki and taupoensis (both North Island, New Zealand) syn.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Alauda novae Seelandiae J. F. Gmelin, 1789, Queen Charlotte's Sound, South Island, New Zealand.
May form a superspecies with A. richardi, A. rufulus and A. cinnamomeus, and all were formerly treated as conspecific; recent DNA studies, however, do not support a close relationship between them. New Guinea and Australian races often considered to represent a separate species; also, recent evidence suggests that some populations on offshore islands may merit subspecific or even specific status. Described race subaustralis (from WC Western Australia) merged with australis; likewise, reischeki and taupoensis (both North Island, New Zealand) synonymized with nominate. Nine subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • exiguus Greenway, 1935 - EC New Guinea.
  • rogersi Mathews, 1913 - coastal NW Australia E to Cape York Peninsula.
  • bilbali Mathews, 1912 - SW Western Australia and SC South Australia.

     See all 9 subspecies
  • exiguus Greenway, 1935 - EC New Guinea.
  • rogersi Mathews, 1913 - coastal NW Australia E to Cape York Peninsula.
  • bilbali Mathews, 1912 - SW Western Australia and SC South Australia.
  • australis Vieillot, 1818 - WC, C, E & SE Australia.
  • bistriatus ( Swainson, 1838) - Tasmania, and islands in Bass Strait (King I, Flinders I).
  • novaeseelandiae ( J. F. Gmelin, 1789) - New Zealand.
  • chathamensis Lorenz-Liburnau, 1902 - Chatham Is.
  • aucklandicus G. R. Gray, 1862 - Auckland Is.
  • steindachneri Reischek, 1889 - Antipodes Is.