Swallows and Martins (Hirundinidae)

Andean Swallow (Haplochelidon andecola) - HBW 9, p. 660

French: Hirondelle des Andes German: Andenschwalbe Spanish: Golondrina Andina
Other common names: Andean Cliff Swallow (when placed in Petrochelidon)

Taxonomy: Hirundo andecola d’Orbigny and Lafresnaye, 1837, La Paz, Bolivia.
Until recently was placed in Petrochelidon or Hirundo, but now considered not related to either of those groups. DNA-DNA hybridization data strongly indicate that it belongs with the “core martin group” and is close to Notiochelidon, Atticora and Neochelidon. Has sometimes been included in Stelgidopteryx, and vocalizations similar, but lacks “serrated” edge of outer primary of that genus. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • oroyae (Chapman, 1924) - C Peru.
  • andecola (d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) - Andes in S Peru, extreme N Chile (Arica, Tarapacá), C & S Bolivia and NW Argentina (Salta, Jujuy).