American Tree Sparrow (Passerella arborea) - HBW 16, p. 541
French: Bruant hudsonien
Spanish: Chingolo Arbóreo
Other common names: Tree Sparrow
Taxonomy: Fringilla arborea A. Wilson, 1810, eastern Pennsylvania = Philadelphia, USA.
Traditionally placed in genus Spizella, which it resembles. Recently published molecular studies suggest that this species is best placed in present genus, possibly as sister to the four other members. Geographical variation weakly marked. Two subspecies tentatively recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- ochracea (Brewster, 1882) - breeds Alaska and in W Canada from N Yukon and NW Northwest Territories S to NW British Columbia and probably NC Alberta; winters in S Canada (W Saskatchewan) and N & W USA from South Dakota and N Iowa S to NE California, W & N Nevada, N Arizona, C New Mexico and C Texas.
- arborea (A. Wilson, 1810) - breeds in NC & E Canada from C & E Northwest Territories and W Nunavut E to Labrador, S to N Saskatchewan, N Manitoba, N Ontario and C Quebec; winters in E USA (from Minnesota, Wisconsin and N Michigan S to Oklahoma, Arkansas, Tennessee, North Carolina and Virginia) and SE Canada (S from C Ontario and SW Quebec, E to New Brunswick and Nova Scotia).
- Least Concern Enlarge map
Eating tall grass seeds. Locality Buffalo River State Park, Clay County, Minnesota, USA (United States) (ssp arborea)
Ken Simonite 26 October 2014 45 weeks ago 1 min 5 sec 4
A front view of a bird calling Locality Windy River, Nunavut, Canada (ssp arborea)
Robert Schaefer 2 July 2002 7 years ago 24 sec 4
A bird in a spruce tree, calling Locality Windy River, Nunavut, Canada (ssp arborea)
Robert Schaefer 2 July 2002 7 years ago 19 sec 3.8
A bird calling in a bush, with midges Locality Nueltin Lake, Nunavut, Canada (ssp arborea)
Robert Schaefer 8 July 2002 7 years ago 27 sec 3.5
PhotosSee all 38 photos
Looking for his friends
Locality Lynde Shores Conservation Area, Ontario, Canada
E McAskill 10 March 2014 42 weeks ago 4.8
Locality Montmagny, Quebec, Canada (ssp arborea)
Guy Poisson 2 May 2008 4 years ago 4.4
Foraging on fresh snow below a bird feeder
Locality Bloomfield, Prince Edward County, Ontario, Canada (ssp arborea)
Ian Barker 28 December 2012 2 years ago 4.4
Locality Montmagny, Quebec, Canada
Guy Poisson 7 May 2011 3 years ago 4.3
Single adult bird in tree
Locality Ottawa, Ontario, Canada (ssp arborea)
John Pratt 30 April 2011 2 years ago 4.3
A bird foraging on the ground.
Locality Toronto, Ontario, Canada (ssp arborea)
David Beadle 18 March 2012 2 years ago 4.3