New World Warblers (Parulidae)

American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla) - HBW 15, p. 761

French: Paruline flamboyante German: Schnäpperwaldsänger Spanish: Candelita Norteña

Taxonomy: Motacilla ruticilla Linnaeus, 1758, Virginia, USA.
Genus considered closest to Dendroica, and some authors have suggested that it be subsumed in latter; probably close also to Mniotilta. Has hybridized with Parula americana and probably also with Vermivora ruficapilla. W breeding birds described as a geographical race, tricolor, but generally considered inseparable from those elsewhere in species' range. Monotypic.

Distribution: Breeds from C & S Canada (NW British Columbia, extreme S Yukon and SW Northwest Territories E to Newfoundland and Nova Scotia) S through much of C & E USA (but excluding most of SW & SE). Migrates to Middle America (S from NW & C Mexico), Caribbean and NW South America (excluding Amazon Basin); small numbers winter on coast of SE USA (S Florida), and also rarely in SW USA (S California).