Pigeons and Doves (Columbidae)

American Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura) - HBW 4, p. 158

French: Tourterelle triste German: Carolinataube Spanish: Zenaida Huilota
Other common names: Carolina Dove

Taxonomy: Columba macroura Linnaeus, 1758, West Indies.
Formerly placed in genus Zenaidura. Forms superspecies with Z. graysoni and Z. auriculata; until recently considered conspecific with former. Five subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • marginella (Woodhouse, 1852) - British Columbia, Saskatchewan and Manitoba S to Baja California, Oklahoma and W Arkansas, and on to SC Mexico.
  • carolinensis (Linnaeus, 1766) - Wisconsin, Michigan and S Ontario to C New York, S Maine, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, and S to Gulf coast of Florida, Bahama Is and Bermuda.
  • macroura (Linnaeus, 1758) - Cuba, I of Pines, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico and Jamaica.

     See all 5 subspecies
  • marginella (Woodhouse, 1852) - British Columbia, Saskatchewan and Manitoba S to Baja California, Oklahoma and W Arkansas, and on to SC Mexico.
  • carolinensis (Linnaeus, 1766) - Wisconsin, Michigan and S Ontario to C New York, S Maine, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, and S to Gulf coast of Florida, Bahama Is and Bermuda.
  • macroura (Linnaeus, 1758) - Cuba, I of Pines, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico and Jamaica.
  • clarionensis (C. H. Townsend, 1890) - Clarion I in Revillagigedo Archipelago (off W Mexico).
  • turturilla Wetmore, 1956 - Costa Rica and W Panama.