New World Blackbirds (Icteridae)

Altamira Oriole (Icterus gularis) - HBW 16, p. 765

French: Oriole à gros bec German: Schwarzkehltrupial Spanish: Turpial de Altamira
Other common names: Lichtenstein’s/Black-throated Oriole

Taxonomy: Ps.[arocolius] gularis Wagler, 1829, Tehuantepec, Oaxaca, Mexico.
Following recent revision, several proposed races now considered to be based on age differences in plumage and other features: thus, tamaulipensis, described from Alta Mira (Tamaulipas), in E Mexico, yucatanensis, from Yucatán Peninsula, and troglodytes, from San Felipe (Retalhuleu), on Pacific slope of Guatemala, all subsumed in mentalis; and gigas, from Sacapulas (valley of R Negro), in C Guatemala, and xerophilus, from Progreso (Motagua Valley), in SW Guatemala, both synonymized with nominate. Three subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • mentalis Lesson, 1831 - extreme S USA (lower Rio Grande Valley, in Texas) and E & S Mexico (to Yucatán Peninsula, across Isthmus of Tehuantepec to Matias Romero area, also Pacific lowlands of Chiapas E from about Pijijiapan) S to Guatemala (to La Avellana region), and N Belize.
  • gularis (Wagler, 1829) - Pacific lowlands of S Mexico (Isthmus of Tehuantepec S to Tapanatepec, in Oaxaca), also interior Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and W Nicaragua.
  • flavescens A. R. Phillips, 1966 - Guerrero, in S Mexico.