Accentors (Prunellidae)

Alpine Accentor (Prunella collaris) - HBW 10, p. 508

French: Accenteur alpin German: Alpenbraunelle Spanish: Acentor Alpino
Other common names: Collared/Rock Accentor

Taxonomy: Sturnus collaris Scopoli, 1769, Kärnten, south Austria.
Most closely related to, and forming a species group with, P. himalayana; the two are sometimes placed in a separate genus, Laiscopus, because of larger size and distinct plumage differences in comparison with current congeners. Birds from Corsica, described as race tschusii, considered inseparable from nominate. Nine subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • collaris (Scopoli, 1769) - mountains from SW Europe E to Slovenia and Carpathians, and NW Africa (Moroccan Atlas).
  • subalpina (C. L. Brehm, 1831) - SE Europe (Croatia E to Bulgaria, S to Greece, including Crete) and SW Turkey.
  • montana (Hablizl, 1783) - N & E Turkey and Caucasus S to Iran and E to Turkmeniya.

     See all 9 subspecies
  • collaris (Scopoli, 1769) - mountains from SW Europe E to Slovenia and Carpathians, and NW Africa (Moroccan Atlas).
  • subalpina (C. L. Brehm, 1831) - SE Europe (Croatia E to Bulgaria, S to Greece, including Crete) and SW Turkey.
  • montana (Hablizl, 1783) - N & E Turkey and Caucasus S to Iran and E to Turkmeniya.
  • rufilata (Severtsov, 1879) - from Kyrgyzstan E along Tien Shan, and from NE Afghanistan and extreme N Pakistan E along Pamirs to W China (Kunlun Mts).
  • erythropygia (Swinhoe, 1870) - from Altai Mts E to SE Russia, S to N & E Mongolia and NE China; also Japan (C Honshu).
  • whymperi (Stuart Baker, 1915) - W Himalayas (Ladakh E to Kumaon).
  • tibetana (Bianchi, 1904) - E Tibetan Plateau (S from Nan Shan, E to Gansu).
  • nipalensis (Blyth, 1843) - Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, SC China (SE Xizang, SW Sichuan, N Yunnan) and N Myanmar.
  • fennelli Deignan, 1964 - Taiwan.