Monarch-flycatchers (Monarchidae)

African Paradise-flycatcher (Terpsiphone viridis) - HBW 11, p. 289

French: Tchitrec d’Afrique German: Graubrust-Paradiesschnäpper Spanish: Monarca-colilargo Africano

Taxonomy: Muscicapa viridis Statius Muller, 1776, Senegal.
Sometimes treated as conspecific with T. rufocinerea, the two hybridizing in Gabon and Angola; hybridizes also with T. rufiventer. Ten subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • viridis (Statius Muller, 1776) - extreme S Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia S to Sierra Leone.
  • ferreti (Guérin-Méneville, 1843) - Mali and Ivory Coast E to N Cameroon, S Chad, N Central African Republic, Sudan, N Eritrea and Somalia, S to NE DRCongo, S Kenya and NE Tanzania.
  • harterti (R. Meinertzhagen, 1923) - extreme SW Saudi Arabia, W & E Yemen and S Oman.

     See all 10 subspecies
  • viridis (Statius Muller, 1776) - extreme S Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia S to Sierra Leone.
  • ferreti (Guérin-Méneville, 1843) - Mali and Ivory Coast E to N Cameroon, S Chad, N Central African Republic, Sudan, N Eritrea and Somalia, S to NE DRCongo, S Kenya and NE Tanzania.
  • harterti (R. Meinertzhagen, 1923) - extreme SW Saudi Arabia, W & E Yemen and S Oman.
  • speciosa (Cassin, 1859) - S Cameroon E to SW Sudan, S to DRCongo and NE Angola.
  • restricta (Salomonsen, 1933) - S Uganda.
  • kivuensis Salomonsen, 1949 - SW Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, E DRCongo (Kivu) and NW Tanzania.
  • suahelica Reichenow, 1898 - W Kenya and N Tanzania.
  • ungujaensis (C. H. B. Grant & Mackworth-Praed, 1947) - E Tanzania, including islands of Zanzibar, Mafia and Pemba.
  • plumbeiceps Reichenow, 1898 - breeds Angola and N Namibia E to SW Tanzania, Mozambique and N South Africa; non-breeding also N to Cameroon, S DRCongo and SE Kenya.
  • granti (Roberts, 1948) - breeds E & S South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal S to S Western Cape); non-breeding N to Zimbabwe and Mozambique.