Finches (Fringillidae)

African Citril (Serinus citrinelloides) - HBW 15, p. 521

French: Serin d'Abyssinie German: Dünnschnabelgirlitz Spanish: Serín Etí­ope
Other common names: Abyssinian Citril (citrinelloides); Western Citril (frontalis); Kenya Citril (kikuyensis); Eastern/East African/Southern/Tanzanian Citril (hypostictus)

Taxonomy: Serinus citrinelloides Rüppell, 1840, Simen, Ethiopia.
Forms a superspecies with S. capistratus. Nominate race (with brittoni) and frontalis (with kikuyensis) have been considered to comprise two separate species, with hypostictus comprising a further species; ranges almost continuous, however, and brittoni and kikuyensis overlap in small area of W Kenya; also, although plumage variation well marked, vocal differences evident only in songs of nominate and frontalis. From limited mitochondrial DNA analysis, nominate race and hypostictus appear genetically very close, and it has recentl.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Serinus citrinelloides Rüppell, 1840, Simen, Ethiopia.
Forms a superspecies with S. capistratus. Nominate race (with brittoni) and frontalis (with kikuyensis) have been considered to comprise two separate species, with hypostictus comprising a further species; ranges almost continuous, however, and brittoni and kikuyensis overlap in small area of W Kenya; also, although plumage variation well marked, vocal differences evident only in songs of nominate and frontalis. From limited mitochondrial DNA analysis, nominate race and hypostictus appear genetically very close, and it has recently been proposed that they be placed in a separate genus, Dendrospiza, along with S. capistratus, being only distantly related to other members of present genus. Detailed consideration of all taxa currently included in present genus is required, however, before species limits can be determined or full generic revision be made. In addition, birds described from E Angola (Calunda, in E Moxico) proposed as race martinsi, but known only from type specimen, and no further records of the species from that country. Five subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • citrinelloides Rüppell, 1840 - N Eritrea to C & S Ethiopia.
  • brittoni Traylor, 1970 - SE Sudan and extreme W Kenya.
  • frontalis Reichenow, 1904 - NE, E & SE DRCongo to W, C & S Uganda, W Tanzania and NE Zambia.

     See all 5 subspecies
  • citrinelloides Rüppell, 1840 - N Eritrea to C & S Ethiopia.
  • brittoni Traylor, 1970 - SE Sudan and extreme W Kenya.
  • frontalis Reichenow, 1904 - NE, E & SE DRCongo to W, C & S Uganda, W Tanzania and NE Zambia.
  • kikuyensis ( Neumann, 1905) - SW Kenya.
  • hypostictus ( Reichenow, 1904) - SE Kenya to extreme NE Zambia and Malawi.