Broadbills (Eurylaimidae)

African Broadbill (Smithornis capensis) - HBW 8, p. 83

French: Eurylaime du Cap German: Schwarzscheitel-Breitrachen Spanish: Eurilaimo Africano
Other common names: Delacour’s Broadbill

Taxonomy: Platyrhynchus capensis A. Smith, 1839, south-east coast towards Delagoa Bay; error = coastal forests between St Lucia estuary and mouth of River Tugela, Zululand, South Africa.
Sometimes considered to form a superspecies with S. rufolateralis, but seems to be more closely related to S. sharpei. Relationships of the various, scattered populations poorly understood, and taxonomy in need of review. Range limits of races unclear in some areas, and apparent gaps in distribution, particularly through C forests, possibly due to lack of observation; identification of Central African Republic birds as camarunensis remains tentative. Isolated populations in NE Northern Province, South Africa, possibly represent an undescribed race. In SE Kenya, described r.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Platyrhynchus capensis A. Smith, 1839, south-east coast towards Delagoa Bay; error = coastal forests between St Lucia estuary and mouth of River Tugela, Zululand, South Africa.
Sometimes considered to form a superspecies with S. rufolateralis, but seems to be more closely related to S. sharpei. Relationships of the various, scattered populations poorly understood, and taxonomy in need of review. Range limits of races unclear in some areas, and apparent gaps in distribution, particularly through C forests, possibly due to lack of observation; identification of Central African Republic birds as camarunensis remains tentative. Isolated populations in NE Northern Province, South Africa, possibly represent an undescribed race. In SE Kenya, described races chyulu (from Chyulu Hills) and shimba (Shimba Hills) considered synonymous with, respectively, medianus and suahelicus. Nine subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • delacouri Bannerman, 1923 - Sierra Leone, SE Guinea and N Liberia E to Togo.
  • camarunensis Sharpe, 1905 - SE Nigeria, S Cameroon, possibly Equatorial Guinea (Mbini), N Gabon, NW Congo and locally in S & E Central African Republic.
  • albigularis Hartert, 1904 - W & N Angola; SE Zaire and W (probably also C) Tanzania S to N Zambia and N Malawi.

     See all 9 subspecies
  • delacouri Bannerman, 1923 - Sierra Leone, SE Guinea and N Liberia E to Togo.
  • camarunensis Sharpe, 1905 - SE Nigeria, S Cameroon, possibly Equatorial Guinea (Mbini), N Gabon, NW Congo and locally in S & E Central African Republic.
  • albigularis Hartert, 1904 - W & N Angola; SE Zaire and W (probably also C) Tanzania S to N Zambia and N Malawi.
  • meinertzhageni van Someren, 1919 - NE Zaire, Rwanda, Uganda and W Kenya.
  • medianus Hartert & van Someren, 1916 - C Kenya and NE Tanzania.
  • suahelicus Grote, 1926 - SE Kenya, E Tanzania and NE Mozambique.
  • conjunctus Clancey, 1963 - NE Namibia (Caprivi Strip), N Botswana, S Zambia, N & W Zimbabwe and NW Mozambique.
  • cryptoleucus Clancey, 1963 - SW Tanzania, E Zimbabwe, S Malawi, and C & S Mozambique S to NE South Africa (NE Northern Province, NE KwaZulu-Natal) and E Swaziland.
  • capensis (A. Smith, 1839) - SE KwaZulu-Natal.